A one-ton truck is a hefty truck by any standards, but is it big enough to pull or carry your camper or the one you want to buy? That’s an important question, and the answer depends on several factors. A little knowledge goes a long way! Let’s investigate.
What Is a One-Ton Truck?
Pickup trucks are classified by their payload capacities, the maximum weight a pickup can carry in its cargo and passenger areas. The payload includes all the people in the truck, plus the truck’s contents, as well as the trailer tongue weight.
For many years, you could assume that “one-ton,” “half-ton,” and “three-quarter-ton” corresponded with a truck’s payload capacity. These days, the terms are little more than an informal way to refer to the truck size.
How Much Weight Can a One-Ton Truck Pull?
One-ton trucks can carry more than two tons because they have more robust frames, suspensions, braking systems, and engines. The only way to truly understand how much a specific truck can carry is by using the truck’s stated payload rating and GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating).
→ Pro Tip: Find out what the GVWR meaning is here.
Bear in mind that knowing your truck’s actual payload capacity will keep you, your family, others on the road, and your vehicle safe.
What Is the Payload Capacity of a One-Ton Truck?
The only way to know the true payload of a given truck is to find it in your truck’s owner’s manual or to calculate it yourself. Here’s how:
Locate your truck’s curb weight and GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating), which is the maximum weight of a loaded truck plus the weight of an attached trailer.
To calculate your truck’s actual payload capacity, subtract the truck’s curb weight from the GCWR, so: GCWR – curb weight = payload capacity.
What You Should Know About Towing and Payload Capacity
First and foremost, never max out your towing or payload capacity. This is especially true for full-time RVers. When we say “never,” we mean it!
Maxing out your towing and payload capacity is not only bad for your truck but also dangerous. If your trailer detaches because your car can’t handle it, it could be fatal!
When calculating your payload capacity, don’t forget to factor in passenger weight. No, you don’t need to ask each passenger what they weigh—instead, estimate. You could say 200lbs per passenger. Some will weigh more and others less, but it will generally balance out.
How to Know How Much Your Truck Can Safely Tow
Because this is so important, we’ll emphasize it by expanding on it a bit further. Grab your truck’s owner’s manual and follow along!
Your truck’s empty weight is its curb weight, and you can find it in the owner’s manual.
Remember that your truck’s payload capacity is its curb weight plus all the cargo weight it can safely add for a total carry capacity. It doesn’t matter what your truck is hauling. It could be hauling your family and towing a 5th wheel camper, a truck bed filled with construction supplies, or a bed full of garden mulch and plants and four passengers.
Regardless, follow the formula mentioned above: GVWR – curb weight = payload capacity.
For instance, if your truck’s GVWR is 8,000 pounds and weighs 4,000 pounds empty, your payload capacity is 4,000 lbs. In other words, you can carry under 4,000 lbs of people, stuff, and the trailers pin or toung weight.
The next piece you need to consider is the GCWR or gross combined weight rating. This is a rating that includes the trailer and is the heaviest combined weigh the vehicle can be. You never want to exceed this because its set to make sure the vehicle and safely stop and control the weight of the entire setup.
Campers That Require More Than a One-Ton Truck to Safely Tow
Some campers require more than a one-ton truck to tow safely. Let’s have a look at a couple of examples:
Large Truck Campers
There are some huge and heavy truck campers available today, and several weigh well over 3,000 pounds. These truck campers have slides or pop-outs, allowing for greater living space. With expanded living space comes more heavy furniture, larger tanks, more sleeping capacity for more people, and more stuff, all of which means more payload!
Remember that when we talk about larger tanks, those tanks will contain heavy water (and other “stuff”), so you must factor in whatever the tanks hold as well.
For example, do you have a full 40-gallon freshwater tank that you’re carrying? A gallon of water weighs 8.33 pounds, which means you’re taking on an additional 333 pounds! Add that to your calculations when determining payload.
This is why a one-ton truck may not be sufficient to carry larger truck campers.
Large 5th Wheels
There are many large 5th wheels on the market today that weigh as much as 26,000 pounds, with the average being 12,000-15,000 pounds.
These include luxury 5th wheels with all the comforts of home and some high-end luxury items to boot! They may even include appliances like dishwashers, washing machines, dryers, and residential-sized refrigerators. Some even have tile floors and granite countertops all adding a lot of weight!
Some 5th wheel RV brands that are heavy like this are DRV, New Horizons RV, Newmar, Teton Homes, and Starcraft, to name a few.
You can see how these large 5th wheels can weigh between 18,000 and 26,000 pounds with lengths of 45 feet or more.
Toy hauler 5th wheels add a whole new dimension to the payload concept. Toy haulers range between 10,000 to 16,500 pounds and are up to 45 feet long, but toy haulers introduce a garage filled with, well, toys!
You might find golf carts and golf clubs, ATVs, motorcycles and dirt bikes, kayaks, canoes, bicycles, paddleboards, surfboards, and children’s toys. Some folks even carry large grills for cooking on site.
Again, it’s easy to see how a toy hauler’s weight can quickly escalate.
Take all of this into consideration when determining what type of truck you need to tow your specific camper and gear safely.
Larger Trucks for Larger Campers
Larger campers such as those mentioned above require larger trucks to carry them. An example of a larger-than-one-ton truck would be the Super Duty F-450s, which is capable of pulling a 21,000-pound trailer, a 35,000-pound gooseneck trailer, or a 27,500-pound 5th wheel!
Likewise, a Ram 5500 towing capacity ranges from 34,290 to 34,800 pounds, payload of 10,700 to 11,450 pounds, and the GVWR (gross vehicle weight rating) of the Ram 5500 without an upfit is 19,500 pounds.
Finally, we have the HDT (Heavy Duty Truck) options, which are Class 7 and 8 trucks. HDTs usually have a 60,000-pound to 80,000-pound gross combined weight rating! They also have brakes and power to handle that weight.
We see more and more HDTs towing big trailers, likely because they contribute to safe, comfortable towing with optimal performance and utility.
Pro Tip: A new pickup truck can cost more than a used heavy-duty truck!
Can Your Truck Handle the Weight?
A one-ton truck is undoubtedly a sizable option. But the power of a one-ton truck quickly diminishes when we consider the combined weight of what we’ll be towing.
It pays to look at the specifics of your intended payload before deciding whether your one-ton truck is big enough to pull your camper.
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Saturday 27th of November 2021
Good information. However, being detail oriented, I thought I would highlight some points that may need editing. First, look for "young weight". Second, this introduces GCVWR to calculate 'payload', then it moves onto GVWR to calculate 'payload'. Then it jumps to GCWR without explaining if or how this differs from GCVWR.
Sunday 18th of April 2021
Great info. I have been studying this for more that a year. My plans are to purchase a toy hauler and go full time. With this info, I am better prepared for buying my trailer and truck. I will most likely be upgrading my truck first as the trailer I have in mind fully loaded will max out my truck. SO, on to getting the truck replaced before I pull onto the sales lot for my trailer. I don't want to be one who is fooled into believing my current truck will be enough. I want more than enough. Thanks for your time on this article. I enjoyed the read. Keep ENJOYING THE FREEDOM.
Mortons on the Move
Monday 19th of April 2021
So glad you found it helpful!
Sunday 18th of April 2021
Don’t think that this accurate -“you can tow”? Maybe carrying/hauling weight. But trailers carry much of their own weight on their axles.
“For, if your truck’s GVWR is 8,000 pounds and weighs 4,000 pounds empty, your payload capacity is 4,000 lbs. In other words, you can tow under 4,000 lbs of people, stuff, and trailer. “
Mortons on the Move
Sunday 18th of April 2021
You are very right and I have corrected that and added a section about GCWR. Thanks, David.